Hong Kong Preventive Medicine Association Ltd.
What is preventive medicine?
In the traditional health concepts, patient seek medical assistance and treatment when they are sick. But when suffering from diseases, patients are often unable to return to its initial state of health, causing inconveniences in daily life. Promoting health is not just about therapies for emerged or emerging diseases. Preventive care before the diseases appear is more important.
Preventive Medicine is a branch of Western medical sciences, advocating to pinpoint the causes that may damage our health before the diseases develop. By taking care our health and wellness through adjusting our diet and lifestyle, we could delay or even prevent the occurrence of diseases. Interestingly, the perspective of preventive medicine echoes not only to the cliché of "Prevention is better than cure", but also aligns with traditional Chinese medicine theory, "Prevent diseases before onset, from exacerbating and relapse”.
Levels of Preventive Medicine
Primary Prevention : Prevent the onset of diseases and injuries , adopt a healthy diet, boost immunity , exercise and have immunization regularly.
Secondary prevention : Early detection and diagnosis , early treatment , health checks, medical testing and Pap smears.
Tertiary prevention : Rehabilitation, reduce complications or recurrence. Rehabilitation plan after heart diseases and stroke is this category.
Preventive Medical Benefits to Individuals
Promote better health: Lifestyle, environment and quality of health care are factors that affect health, of which lifestyle is the most influential. To promote better health, attention to nutritional balance and to exercise regularly is essential. The occurrence of the disease is often the outcome of physical, and psychological imbalance.
Disease prevention: Health education and regular health checks helps to monitor risk factors and enhance personal health determinants control factor, thus preventing the occurrence of disease. Health education, including developing personal hygiene, improving sanitation, preventing occupational hazards, paying attention to special nutritional intake. Regular health checks are very important, but the detail of checkups vary from person to person, such as depending on the particular family history. If we could build up the concept of disease prevention, a healthier life is on its way.
Preventive Benefits to Society
The approaches could be interviewing patients, having medical testing andhealth measures on family and community health, health education and improving diet and exercise habits.
Reducing unnecessary suffering caused by many diseases: Patient is able to choose the type of treatments that they preferred.
Creating a culture of concerning about health, diet and life balance in the society- Helping to avoid the spread of disease in the society; reduce the personal and social health spending in the long run.